|The Myrtaceae, consisting of trees and shrubs found in the tropics, subtropics, and temperate Australia, comprises about 140 genera and 3,000 species. The leaves are most commonly opposite, and frequently are glandular dotted; stipules are absent or vestigial. The flowers are actinomorphic, commonly with a 4-5-parted calyx and corolla that is frequently reduced and inconspicuous compared to the well-developed androecium of numerous stamens. The gynoecium consists of a single compound pistil of 2-5 carpels, a single style and stigma, and a partly to wholly inferior ovary with 2-5 locules and 2-many axile ovules (or occasionally a single locule with intruded parietal placentation). The fruit is usually a berry or loculicidal capsule.
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